Asia Minor Coins - Photo Gallery

Ancient Greek and Roman coins from Asia Minor

Most viewed
Pergamon (BC 19-18) Aureus - Augustus9369 viewsAugustus, 27 BC-14 AD. AV Aureus (8.03g). Pergamum mint, struck 19-18 BC. AVGVSTVS, bare head right / Sphinx, with wings raised, seated left. Very rare and unusually well-preserved for this issue. Minor marks on obverse and a light scratch on reverse, otherwise EF. Ex CNG 36 (1995), lot 2343.
Ionia Uncertain (BC 625-550) Geometric - EL 1/34967 viewsca 600-550 BC. EL 1/3 Stater - Trite (12mm, 4.66g). Geometric type. Geometric design consisting of an in-folded square bisected by crossing lines / Incuse punch with "fishbone" pattern of lines and dots. Good VF.
(BC 120-63) Mithradates VI - AV Stater4862 viewsMithradates VI, 120-63 BC. AV Stater (8.46g). Pergamon mint. Dated year 4 of Pergamene Era (86/85 BC); struck during the First Mithradatic War. Diademed head right, hair tousled and flowing freely / Stag grazing left; pellet below, star and crescent to left, D (date) to right, monogram in exergue; all within Dionysiac wreath of ivy and fruit. Good VF, minor scrape in reverse field. Very rare.

Mithradates' career driven by megalomaniacal ambitions leading to murderous assaults upon family and followers and disastrous foreign adventures against superior forces. His idealized portraiture attempts to mimic the gods with its bold staring gaze and unruly, free-flowing hair. The wreath of ivy on the reverse reinforces Mithradates' link with the gods as well as making a connection with the cistaphoric coinage that formerly circulated in the Asian territory he conquered in his first war with Rome in 88 BC, which witnessed the horrific massacre of the Roman citizens of Asia Minor. The stag probably represents the civic center of Ephesos and the mintmark is of Pergamon, all part of the new Pontic kingdom, symbolized by the star and crescent.
(BC 600-550) Uncertain King - EL 1/12 Stater4753 viewsearly 6th cent BC. EL 1/12 Stater - Hemihekte (1.16g). Head of roaring lion right / Incuse square punch. VF, choice centering and strike.
Mallos (BC 425-385) Obol4625 viewsca 425-385 BC. AR Obol (0.77g). Forepart of man-headed bull right / Swan standing right; ankh symbol above, barley grain to right; all within incuse square. Toned, good VF. Rare.
Kyme (BC 350-250) Hemidrachm4588 viewsca 350-250 BC. AR Hemidrachm (1.81g). Eagle standing right, head reverted / Forepart of horse right. Lightly toned, good VF, some light scrapes on edge.
Phokaia (BC 600-522) B02 - EL 1/6 Stater4185 viewsca 625-550 BC. EL Hekte (2.60g). Head of seal left; small seal to right / Quadripartite incuse square. Near EF. Rare.
Lampsakos (BC 394-330) AV Stater - Artabazos4013 viewsArtabazos, Satrap of Daskylion. ca 356 BC. AV Stater (8.45g). Head of Artabazos left, wearing a Persian tiara tied with a diadem / Forepart of Pegasos right. Good VF, light roughness on the obverse. Very rare, only six recorded examples, four of which are in museum collections. Ex Leu 30 (4/1982), lot 167; Von Aulock Collection, 7395; Monnaies et Medailles XIX (6/1959), lot 475; Muenzen und Medaillen XIII (6/1954), lot 1159.
Abydos (BC 470-450) AV Stater3889 viewsca 410 BC. AV Stater (8.58g). ABYΔ/HNON (the lower part of the legend retrograde), eagle standing left / Gorgoneion facing, within an incuse square. Light scrape on reverse edge at 5 o’clock. VF/gVF. Unique and of great importance. Ex ‘Kunstfreund’ Coll., Bank Leu AG & Münzen und Medaillen AG (Zurich, 5/1974), lot 161; ex Monnaies et Médailles SA, Auc. 53 (Basel, 11/1977), lot 92.

Abydos was a colony of Miletos, situated on the Hellespont, and was perhaps an early location of the minting of electrum staters in the sixth century B.C. The city had been part of the Athenian empire during the fifth century until it revolted in 411 B.C., becoming a Spartan ally. This incredible gold stater, the only known example, is of the highest numismatic importance.
Kyzikos (BC 334) EL Stater3888 viewsca 334 BC. EL Stater (16.02g, 12h). Eleutheria seated left on rock, holding wreath in right hand; tunny below, ΕΛΕΥ-ΘΕΡΙ in two lines on rock / Quadripartite incuse square. Good VF, toned. Extremely rare. Fielder Coll.

This specimen bears an inscription, 'Eleutheria" (Freedom), that makes clear the intent of the type: to celebrate a liberation. Several different victories have been suggested, but the presence of a coin of this type in the Prinkipo Hoard, buried circa 334 BC, in conjunction with gold staters of Philip II, clearly suggests that the victory in question is Alexander's first defeat of the Persians at the river Granikos in 334 BC. The Granikos was located just to the south and west of Kyzikos, and Alexander's victory liberated Kyzikos from Persian control. Thus, not only is this a very rare stater from Kyzikos, it also represents the first coin struck as a direct result of Alexander's campaign to conquer the world, predating even Alexander's own coinage.
(BC 560-546) Kroisos - AR Siglos3777 viewsKroisos, King of Lydia, ca 561-546 BC. AR Siglos (5.36g, 26mm). Confronted foreparts of a roaring lion right and bull left; pellet over head of lion / Double incuse punch. Choice VF, good metal.
Mytilene (BC 521-478) EL Hekte - B123776 viewsca 521-478 BC. EL Hekte (2.56g, 4h). Head of roaring lion right / Incuse head of cow left. Choice EF, well centered.
(BC 169-150) Laodike - AV Stater3728 viewsLaodike Epiphanes Philadelphos, wife of Mithradates IV of Pontos, 169-150 BC. AV Stater (8.49g). Diademed and veiled bust of Laodike left / ΒΑΣΙΛΙΣΣΙΣ / ΛΑΟΔΙΚΙΣ / ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΚΑΙ / ΦΙΛΑΔΕΛΦΟΥ, banded double cornucopiae filled with fruit, six-rayed star above, monogram to right. Unique and unpublished. EF.

This important piece portraits the daughter of Mithradates III of Pontus as a young woman (she is depicted as a more mature woman on Tetradrachms). This Stater has a certain parallel to an also unique Stater of Mithradates IV (see SNG von Aulock 4), which shows the inauguration of the newly wedded brother and sister. The son of Laodike's older brother Pharnakes (successor of Mithradates III), Mithradates V, was too young to succeed his father to the throne. Because of this, Mithradates IV and Laodike, his sister and wife, took over Pontic government around 169 BC. Two more ladies come into question for the portraited woman: the wife of Mithradates V (daughter of Antiochos IV of Syria) and the daughter of Mithradates V of Pontos, who were also called Laodike.
Kyzikos (BC 500-475) EL Stater3299 views500-475 BC. EL Stater (16.00g, 12h). Facing lion's head; tunny below / Quadripartite incuse square, granulated. Good VF, two banker's marks on obverse.
Abydos (BC 520-490) EL 1/3 Stater3188 viewsca 500 BC. EL Trite - 1/3 Stater (4.66g). Eagle standing left, with closed wings, looking backwards / Rough incuse punch.
Of the highest rarity, apparently only the second specimen known. Struck on a narrow flan, otherwise aEF.

Attributing uninscribed electrum coins of this period without assured badges is extremely difficult, as is with this trite. Abydos is an obvious possibility since the eagle was a common feature of its coinage. For other common coins see an electrum stater in the British Museum catalogue of Ionia (pl. I, no. 23) (eagle of similar proportions and identical pose, perched upon what is described as a hare). See also some early silver fractions attributed to Abydos with incuse punch reverses (SNG Cop. 1-2; SNG Klein 292), though they show a bird of a different character, without its head reverted.
(BC 220-200) Mithradates III - Tetradrachm3080 viewsca 220-196/5 BC. AR Tetradrachm (17.19g, 12h). Amaseia or Sinope mints. Diademed and draped bust to right / Zeus seated left on throne, holding eagle and scepter; star within crescent to left; monogram below throne. Extremely rare. Toned, EF. Gillet Coll., Bank Leu & Munzen und Medaillen (Kunstfreund) (5/1974), 243; Rothschild coll., SWH (5/1900), 304; Carfrae coll., SWH (5/1894), 187; Dupree Coll., Hoffmann (4/1867), 240.1 comments
(BC 545-520) Cyrus/Darios - AV Stater3061 viewsTime of Cyrus to Darios I, Kings of Lydia, ca 545-520 BC. AV Stater (15mm, 8.06g). Light standard, Sardeis mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Double incuse punch. EF.
Mytilene (BC 570-540) EL 1/6 Stater2900 viewsca 570-540 BC. EL 1/6 Stater - Hekte (2.56g). Janiform head, at right a satyr with turned-up nose and long beard, at left a maenad, the hair covered by a sakkos / Female head facing right within trapezoid incuse. Some light contact marks on the reverse. EF.

This is one of the first issues of the city of Mytilene, and is exceptional not only for its early date but also for its extraordinary obverse type. Perhaps the third specimen known.
(BC 619-561) Alyattes - EL 1/3 Stater2755 viewsAlyattes, King Of Lydia, ca 619-561 BC. EL 1/3 Stater - Trite (4.74g, 12mm, 4mm thick). Head of roaring lion right / Incuse square punch.
Nikomedeia (AD 117-138) Cistophoric Tetradrachm - Hadrian2546 viewsHadrian, 117-138 AD. AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm (10.25g), struck after 128 AD. IMP CAES TRA HADRIANO AVG P P, laureate head right / COM-BIT across field, octastyle temple, ROM S P AVG across frieze, pellet in pediment. Choice EF.
Amisos (BC 4th cent) Siglos/Drachm2478 viewsca 4th cent BC. AR Siglos or drachm (5.73g). Head of Hera left, wearing stephane, within dotted circle / Owl with open wings facing, ΠΕΙΡΑ below, ΚΤΗ to left. Toned, aEF.
Mytilene (BC 377-326) EL Hekte - B862469 viewsca 377-326 BC. EL Hekte (2.53g, 12h). Head of Athena facing slightly right, wearing triple crested Attic helmet / Head of Hermes right, Petasos hanging behind head. EF, small die break on Athena's head. Struck from detailed dies. Bodenstedt (pg. 267) detects the work of this master engraver also on dies of Rhodes (SNR 51 [1972], pl. 6, 70) and perhaps Klazomenai (SNR 45 [1966], pl. I-II).
Karia Uncertain (BC 550-500) EL 1/12 Stater2419 viewsca 550-500 BC. EL 1/12th Stater (1.29g). Forepart of roaring lion right / Quadripartite incuse square. EF. Rare.

This is a difficult coin to identify with certainty, but the lion resembles some of those found on early silver fractions attributed to Caria.
Phokaia (BC 477-388) B- - EL 1/6 Stater2415 viewsca 478-387 BC. EL Hekte (2.50g), struck ca 410 BC. Head of bearded Persian satrap (Pharnabazos) left, wearing a Persian tiara bound with an elaborate diadem; behind, seal swimming downwards / Quadripartite incuse square. Unique and apparently unpublished. aEF.

This coin bears what is surely a portrait of the famous Persian satrap Pharnabazos, who was active in Hellespont during the last years of the 5th century. He based himself in the city of Daskyleion, which had been a possession of his family since the 470s. His family was related to the Achaemenid royal house. The portrait is surely Pharnabazos since it is exactly the same as on named silver staters issued ca 410 probably in Kyzikos but possibly in Ionia (as BMC, Ionia, p. 352, 12, Kraay/Hirmer 618 and SNG von Aulock 1216). It is fascinating that his portrait should appear on a hekte from Phokaia - the fact that it was hitherto unknown implies that it was originally issued in very small numbers, perhaps as a donative of some kind.
Samos (BC 404-394) Tridrachm2398 viewsca 404 or 394 BC. AR Tridrachm or Double Siglos (11.29g, 12h). The infant Herakles, nude but for a baldric over his left shoulder, kneeling to right on ground line, strangling a serpent with each hand, ΣΥΝ / Lion's mask facing, ΣΑ below; all within circular incuse. Extremely rare. Toned EF. From the collections of C. Gillet, 1138, R. Jameson, and the Reverend H.V. Elliott, SWH 2/1908, purchased in Asia Minor 1818-1819.

This rare coin was struck to celebrate an alliance (syn = synmachikon = a coin of allies) between cities in western Asia Minor (Byzantion, Ephesos, Iasos, Knidos, Kyzikos, Lampsakos, Rhodes and Samos), which all used the common type of infant Herakles/snakes on obv with rev bearing normal city badge. It was thought that this alliance came about in 394 after the defeat of the Spartan fleet, but Karweise, Lysander as Herakliskos Drakonopnigon ('Herakles the snake-strangler'), NC 1980, has made a good case for it having taken place 10 years earlier, when the cities threw off Athenian domination with the help of the Spartan Lysander. In many ways this seems a better choice, but hoard evidence is inconclusive.
Lampsakos (BC 394-330) AV Stater - Artabazos2372 viewsArtabazos, Satrap of Daskylion, ca 356 BC. AV Stater (8.46g, 3h). Head of Artabazos left, wearing a Persian tiara tied with a diadem / Forepart of Pegasos right in shallow incuse. Good VF, a few light scratches. Extremely rare, only six examples recorded, four of which are in museum collections.

Traditionally, this stater has been assigned to the satrap Orontes, based on the similarity of its reverse to silver and bronze coins believed to have been struck by him at Lampsakos. Although Orontes did control portions of Mysia, he was in fact subordinate to his kinsman Artabazos who was the true satrap of the entire region of Daskylion, which encompassed Lampsakos at the time this coin was struck. When both Orontes and Artabazos rebelled against the Persian king Artaxerxes III in 357 BC, Artabazos secured Lampsakos through the agency of the hired Athenian mercenary, Chares. When Chares accomplished his mission, Artabazos richly rewarded him in coin, the likely occasion for striking this issue.
Phokaia (BC 387-326) B86 - EL 1/6 Stater2353 viewsca 380-360 BC. EL 1/6 Stater - Hekte (2.54g). Bearded head facing left, wearing Persian headdress; behind, seal swimming / Four-part incuse square. Of exceptional quality and struck in high relief. Choice EF.

Bodenstedt interpreted the head as a portrait of the Persian satrap Tissaphernes. While Tissaphernes was a bad candidate - he was executed in 395 BC (while the coin was issued some decades later) - it is not yet clear whether the head is meant to be a portrait altogether. J.H. Kroll called the 'satrapal portraits' "generic rather than individualized representations" (The Emergence of Ruler Portrait, in: Schultz/von den Hoff (eds), Early Hellenistic Portraiture (Cambridge 2007), p. 114), and C. Harrison has convincingly shown that many of the so-called 'satrapal portraits' are meant to represent the heroized Persians who raised Darius I to the Persian throne (Numismatic Problems in the Achaemenid West, in: Gorman/Robinson (eds), Oikistes. Studies Offered in Honor of A.J. Graham (Leiden 2002), pp. 301-319). Harrison's theory does not apply in this case, since the head gear does not have that famous knot at the forehead. So it may well be that one of the satraps of the 370s and 360s is intended, perhaps Autophradates, then satrap of Lydia and the fiercest opponent of the satrap of Paphlagonia Datames during the satraps' revolt 368-358 BC.
Ephesos (BC 625-600) EL 1/3 Stater2306 viewsPhanes, ca 620-600 BC. EL Trite - 1/3 Stater (4.67g). ΦΑΝΕΟΣ (retrograde), spotted stag grazing right / Two square incuse punch marks, each textured with pattern of short raised lines. Nearly complete legend. Nose of stag off flan, otherwise good very fine.
(BC 120-63) Mithdradates VI - Tetradrachm2300 viewsMithradates VI, 120-63 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.31g, 12h). Pergamon mint. Dated month 11 of 202 BE (August 95 BC). Diademed head right, hair neatly tucked under diadem / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΙΘΡΑΔΑΤΟΥ ΕΥΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ, stag grazing left; star and crescent to left, BΣ (year) and monogram to right, IA (month) in exergue; all within Dionysiac wreath of ivy and fruit. Good VF, toned, slight die shift on obverse.
(BC 333-322) Ariarathes I - Drachm2281 viewsAriarathes I, 333-322 BC. AR Drachm (5.27g). Pontos, Gaziura mint. Baal of Gaziura seated left, holding eagle, grain ear and grape cluster in right hand, scepter in left; in Aramaic 'Baal-Gazur' behind / Griffin attacking a kneeling stag left, 'Ariorath' in Aramaic above. Good VF, light porosity. Very rare. Ex Peus 337 (1993), lot 152.
(BC 560-525) Kroisos - AV Stater2231 viewsTime of Kroisos to Cambyses, King Of Lydia, ca 560-525 BC. AV Stater (8.03g), light series, Sardeis mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two square incuse punches of unequal size. EF.
Phokaia (BC 625-575) EL Stater2214 viewsca 625-575 BC. EL Stater (16.35g). Seal swimming left, octopus clamped in its mouth, three square objects around / Two rough incuse squares set side-by-side, one smaller than the other. Apparently unpublished and unique, but Near VF.

This coin, one of six known staters of Phokaia, represents a new variety of type, in addition to a seal and two griffin head types recorded by Bodenstedt. It is certainly the most playful, with its depiction of a seal munching on a hapless cephalopod.
Nikomedeia (BC 62-59) AE 252210 viewsC. Papirius Carbo, Proconsul, 62-59 BC. AE25 (8.62g, 12h). Dated year 224 (59 BC). NIKOMHDEWN, laureate head of Zeus right / EPI GAIO[U] PAPIRIOU KARBWN[OS], RWMH in exergue, Roma seated left on pile of shields, holding Nike in right hand, spear in left; monogram in inner left field, DKS (date) below shields. EF, dark green, almost black patina. Ex Freedman Coll. (Triton V, 1/2002), lot 421; Numismatic Fine Arts V (2/1978), lot 313.
Tarsos (AD 103-111) Tetradrachm - Trajan2151 viewsTrajan, 98-117 AD. AR Tetradrachm (14.35g). Dated COS 5 (103-111 AD). AUTOKR KAIS NER TRAIANOS SEBA GERM DAKIK, laureate head right / DHMARC EX UPAT E PP MHTROPOLEWS, Tyche seated right on rock, holding palm, river god Cydnus below; Tarsus monogram in field. Toned, good VF. Magnificent portrait of Trajan.
Kaisareia (AD 193-194) Denarius - Pescennius Niger2122 viewsPescennius Niger, 193-194 AD. AR Denarius (2.82 gm). Caesarea mint. IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVST AVG, laureate head right / SALVTI AVG, Salus standing facing before lighted altar, head right, holding serpent in her arms and feeding it from a patera. Toned, good VF, minor porosity.
Amisos (BC 85-65) AE 222121 viewsca 85-65 BC. AE22 (7.33g). Aegis / ΑΜΙ-ΣΟΥ, Nike walking right, holding palm tied with fillet over left shoulder; monograms flanking. EF, glossy green patina on the obverse, reverse a dark brown, well centered and about as well struck as these come.
Pergamon (AD 166-177) AE 33 - Commodus2093 viewsCommodus, as Caesar, 166-177 AD. AE33 (20.72g). Claudius Nikomedes, magistrate. M AVP KAI CAP KOMODO/C, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / ΕΠΙ CΤΠΑ Κ ΝΙΚΟ ΜΗΔΟΥC Β ΝΕΟΚΟΡΩΝ ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ, Hygieia with serpent and patera and Asclepius with serpent staff standing facing each other, small Telesphorus between them. EF, dark green patina, fields smoothed. The work of a master engraver at Pergamum, whose signature seems to be the dropped C in the obverse legend. See Kraft pl. 87-89 for other dies by this artist.
(BC 282-263) Philetairos I - Tetradrachm2086 viewsPhiletairos I, 282-263 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.85g). Diademed head of Philetairos right / ΦΙΛΕΤΑΙΡΟΥ, Athena enthroned left, holding shield and spear, left elbow resting on sphinx, ivy leaf above knee, A on throne, bow to outer right. Good VF, scattered light porosity, more so on the reverse. Rare.

Westermark attributed this issue to Eumenes I. However, a more recent analysis of hoard evidence has indicated that this coinage is actually struck during the lifetime of Philetairos, near the end of his reign, following the limited issue of tetradrachms bearing the portrait of Seleukos I. A. Davesne, G. Le Rider, Gulnar II. Le tresor de Meydancikkale (Paris, 1989), cf. pp. 334-339.
Pergamon (AD 1) AE - Augustus2069 viewsAugustus, 27 BC-14 AD. AE (5.69g). Pergamon mint, Magistrate Kephalion. Homonoia with Sardeis, struck circa 1 AD. Demos of Pergamon crowning Demos of Sardeis / Statue of Augustus within Temple. Green-brown patina, VF. Rare.
Tenedos (BC 490-480) Didrachm2064 viewsca 490-480 BC. Didrachm (8.94g, 9h). Janiform head: bearded male face to left and female face to right, both have archaic, almond-shaped facing eyes and wear a stephane, and share a disc earring with a rosette pattern and a double-curved pendant; necklace of pearls on neck / TENE (retrograde), helmeted and bearded male head left, wearing pearl necklace; all within incuse square. Extremely rare. Lightly toned and of superb late Archaic-early Classical style; a magnificent coin of great beauty. Slightly porous surfaces, nearly EF.

The early coinage of Tenedos is quite complex, and seems to begin in the last quarter of 6th century BC with didrachms that bear a male/female janiform head and a double axe on the reverse. This early coinage seems to have been replaced by a much rarer second coinage, of which the present piece is the finest known. The axe was replaced by the helmeted head of a warrior (assuming the heads on the obverse are divinities, this could be Tenes). The great similarity to issues of Lampsakos probably convinced the Tenedos authorities to return to their earlier double axe reverse type. The dating of this coin is based on similarity in style to late archaic issues of Athens (Starr Group I).
Kyzikos (BC 400-330) EL Stater2042 viewsca 380 BC. EL Stater (16.03g). Bearded and horned head of Silenus (or Pan) left, wearing ivy wreath; tunny below / Quadripartite incuse square with granular surfaces. Rare. A stunning portrait of late Classical style and a lovely reddish tone. Insignificant flan crack, otherwise EF.

Ex Sotheby’s sale 3/1996, 109; Star Coll. This stater speaks to the relations between Cyzicus and its great trading partner, Panticapaeum, where numerous Cyzicene staters have been found, testifying to their broad circulation in Crimea. This arresting Pan-Silenus head seems to have been borrowed from the obverse of the gold staters of Panticapaeum, which were issued in great quantity from ca 350-320 BC; if the stater predates that period, the motif may be inspired by other art from Panticapaeum. There is ample evidence of the relation of these two cities as supplier and consumer of gold. It has been suggested that the main supply of gold for Cyzicene staters was the rich mines of the Ural mountains.
Lampsakos (BC 394-330) AV Stater - Demeter2037 viewsca 370 BC. AV Stater (8.35g), Persic standard. Half length figure of Demeter, wearing girdled chiton and himation, rising left from earth, holding three ears of grain; behind left shoulder, two ears of grain and vine bearing two bunches of grapes / Forepart of winged horse right with curved wing. Good VF. Extremely rare, only two known specimens, this being the only one in private hands. Ex Gillet Coll.; Weber Coll., 5096.

Following the example and standard of the Persic daric, Lampsakos was the first Greek city to make regular issues of gold coinage which enjoyed an international circulation from Sicily to the Black Sea. As at Kyzikos, the quality of engraving was very high, and types changed frequently: about forty types were produced in a period of about sixty years, one of the most interesting of which is the highly original rendering of Demeter Chthonia rising from the ground. Chthonic deities were those whose powers came from the earth. An important aspect of Demeter celebrated in the Eleusinian Mysteries was that she was venerated as an earth-goddess who symbolised the annual cycle of death and rebirth in nature, especially the grain harvest.
Ephesos (BC 625-600) EL 1/96 Stater2033 viewsPhanes, ca 625-600 BC. EL 1/96 Stater (0.14g). Head of stag right / Incuse square punch with raised lines within. VF. Extremely rare, the second recorded.
Priene (BC 90-50) AE 161980 viewsca 90-50 BC. AE16 (3.74g). Laureate head of Poseidon right, trident behind / ΠPIHN(EΩN), owl standing on olive-branch, facing. Rare.
(BC 650-600) Valvel or Walwet - EL Hekte 1976 viewsca 7th cent BC. EL Hekte (2.35g). Head of roaring lion right; Lydian inscription to left / Double incuse punch. Rare. Very fine.
Ephesos (AD 0-100) AE 181944 views1st cent AD. AE18 - Tesserae (3.48g). Stag kneeling left, head reverted / Bee. Near VF, dark brown patina with some orangish earthen encrustation.
(BC 228-183) Prusias I - Tetradrachm1919 viewsPrusias I, 228-183 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.30g, 32mm). Diademed head right / Zeus standing left, holding wreath and lotus tipped scepter; thunderbolt and two monograms to left; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΠΡΟΥΣΙΟΥ. Rare. Good VF.
Ionian League (AD 139-144) AE 42 - Antoninus Pius1910 viewsAntoninus Pius, 139-144 AD. Medallion AE42 (44.79g). ΑΥ ΚΑΙ ΤΙ ΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟΣ ΑΝΤΩΝΕΙΝΟΣ ΕΥ, bust of laureate Antoninus left, wearing paludamentum / ΚΟΙΝΟΝ (ΓΙ ΠΟΛΕΩΝ) ΠΡΟ(ΝΟ Μ) ΚΛ ΦΡΟΝΤΩΝΟΣ ΑΣΙΑΡΧΟΥ ΚΑΙ ΑΡΧΙΕ(ΡΕΟΣ) ΓΙ ΠΟΛΕΩΝ, Demeter standing in biga drawn by winged snakes right, holding torch in each hand; biga on wave-shaped lines; M. Kl. Fronton, asiarch and archiereus of the Koinon of Ionia.
Ankyra (AD 79-81) AE 26 - Titus1904 viewsTitus, 79-81 AD. AE26 (10.10g). AY KAICAP TITOΣ ΣEBAΣTOΣ YIOΣ, laureate head right / ΣEBAΣHNΩN TEKTOΣAΓΩN, Mên standing left, holding patera. Nice very fine.1 comments
Lampsakos (BC 500-450) EL Stater1903 views5th century BC. EL Stater (14.93g). Forepart of Pegasus left, ‡ below, within vine wreath / Quadripartite incuse square. Rare and among the finest specimens known. Well struck in high relief, EF. Ex Sotheby’s, Wilkinson and Hodge 1900, Late Collector, 324; Sotheby’s Wilkinson and Hodge 1907, Delbeke, 180 and Leu 30, 1982, 165 sales. From the de Sartiges coll. 1 comments
Ephesos (BC 625-600) EL Stater1897 viewsPhanes, ca 620-600 BC. EL Stater (14.10g). ΦANOΣ EMI ΣEIMA (retrograde), spotted stag grazing right / three square incuse punch marks, each textured with pattern of short raised lines. Extremely rare. EF. Ex Rosen coll., New York.
Kaisareia (AD 14-37) Drachm - Tiberius1881 viewsTiberius, 14-37 AD. AR Drachm (2.89g), struck 17-32 AD. TIBEPIOΣ KAIΣAR ΣEBAΣTOΣ, laureate head right / ΘEOY ΣEBAΣTOYU YIOΣ, radiate Helios with scepter and globe standing on mount Argaios. Rare. Lightly toned, VF.
Kebren (BC 480-440) Diobol1878 viewsca 5th cent. BC. AR Diobol (1.08g). Ram's head right, KEB below / Quadripartite incuse square. Good VF, toned.
(BC 200-169) Pharnakes III - Tetradrachm1873 viewsca 170 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.85g, 12h), Sinope mint. Diademed and bearded head of Pharnakes III to right / Pantheistic male deity standing facing, wearing broad petasos, chiton, chlamys and high boots, holding a cornucopiae and a kerykeion with his left hand and feeding a fawn standing right from a vine branch and grapes held in his right; thunderbolt above his head, star within crescent to left. RRR! Toned, probably the finest known tetradrachm of Pharnakes, and with the most realistic of all Hellenistic portraits. Extremely fine.

From the collection of W. Wahler, Numismatic Fine Arts XXV (11/1990), 119, ex Numismatic Fine Arts V (2/1978), 123, and Monnaies et Medailles 47 (11/1972), 475.
Kalchedon (BC 480-450) Drachm1854 viewsca 480-450 BC. AR Drachm (4.52g). Diademed male head (Kalchas) with pointed beard left / Wheel of four spokes within shallow circular incuse. Very rare, with a fine head of the city's founder in archaic style. Obverse with dark patina as found, reverse corroded, otherwise, Very Fine. Von Aulock coll.
Magnesia (BC 465-459) Trihemiobol - Themistokles1824 viewsThemistokles (died 459 BC), Satrap of Magnesia, ca 465-460 BC. AR Trihemiobol (1.08g). Bearded head of Themistokles right, wearing diadem / ΘΕ monogram in dotted square, within incuse square. EF. Arguably, one of the first representations of an actual person on a coin.
Phokaia (BC 521-478) B23 - EL 1/6 Stater1824 viewsca 520-500 BC. EL 1/6 Stater - Hekte (2.55g). Female head facing left, wearing diadem, earring and necklace with lion-head pendant; behind, seal swimming downwards / Four-part incuse square. Utterly magnificent archaic female head. An exceptional work of Greek archaic art. Mint State.
Uncertain (BC 520-470) Diobol1815 viewsIonia Uncertain, ca 500-480 BC. AR Diobol (11mm, 1.40g). Head of roaring lion right / Quadripartite (swastika) incuse square with central pellet. Good VF.

Rosen tentatively places his tetrobol in Caria, but notes the reverse type does not conform to other archaic Carian issues. This and the denomination suggests an attribution to Ionia is more likely. There are numerous varieties of these archaic lion head silver pieces, and a precise attribution for each type remains out of reach.
(BC 560-546) Kroisos - AV Stater1807 viewsKroisos, King Of Lydia, ca 561-546 BC. AV Stater (16mm, 8.03g). Sardeis mint, struck ca 550-546 BC. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse square punches of unequal size. EF, lustrous, some minor marks.
Pompeiopolis (AD 161-169) AE 241801 viewsMarcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, 161-169 AD. AE24 (8.32g, 12h). The two emperors, togate, standing facing one another, clasping right hands; between, star above crescent / Turreted, veiled, and draped bust of Tyche right. Near VF, brown patina, some roughness. Ex Wagner Coll.
Chios (BC 133-84) Drachm1781 viewsca 2nd-1st century BC. AR Drachm (3.73g). Derkylos, magistrate. Sphinx seated left; grapes before / Amphora, ΧΙΟΣ and cornucopiae to left, ΔΕΡΚΥΛΟΣ to right. Toned VF. Schonwalter Coll.; Ex M&M List 205 (11/1960), lot 348.
Ionia Uncertain (BC 625-550) Figural - EL Stater1781 viewsca 650-600 BC. EL Stater (14.22g). Milesian standard. Figural type. Sphinx seated left on ground line; cross with terminal pellets to left / Irregular incuse. Unpublished. Good VF. Unique. This previously unknown type almost certainly has an Ionian origin, but the specific mint remains unknown. The sphinx appears as a civic emblem on archaic coins of both Chios and Samothrace, but Samothrace did not issue electrum, and the electrum staters of Chios, although struck on the same weight standard as the present coin, are of a distinctly different style (cf. Baldwin, Chios, pl. I, 1-12). The cross with terminal pellets -- perhaps a solar symbol is exceptional by its appearance here as a subsidiary symbol. Such subsidiary symbols are rare on early electrum (but cf. Triton VIII, lots 399-405, for the use of a pentagram or a triad of pellets as symbols on the early electrum of Ephesos). The cross with terminal pellets does appear on other uncertain early electrum (cf. Traite I 7, pl. I, 6) and is employed regularly as a reverse type on the electrum of Miletos (with a central pellet in addition to the terminal pellets; cf. SNG Kayhan 440-449).
Nikaia (AD 253-260) AE 24 - Valerian I, Gallienus & Valerian II1773 viewsValerian I, with Gallienus and Valerian II Caesar, 253-260 AD. AE24 (8.37g, 7h), struck 256-258 AD. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Valerian I right, seen from behind, and radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Gallienus left, seen from behind, vis-à-vis; between, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Valerian II right, seen from behind / Three agonistic crowns set on ornate base, central crown containing two palms, each flanking crown a single palm. VF, green patina with traces of red-brown, minor roughness. Rare.
Kyzikos (BC 500-479) EL Stater1766 viewsca 500-479 BC. EL Stater (16.00g). Head of goat left, tuna fish to right / Quadripartite incuse square. EF. Very rare.
Kaisareia (AD 238-244) AE 25 - Gordian III1766 viewsGordian III, 238-244 AD. AE25 (11.55g). Year 4 (241-242 AD). Laureate head right; countermark, head / Agalma of Mount Argaeus placed on altar inscribed, ENTI; in ex. ETΔ. VF.
(BC 120-63) Mithradates VI - AV Stater1766 viewsca 120-63 BC. AV Stater (22mm, 8.45g, 12h). Pergamon mint. Dated month 12, year 223 BE (September 74 BC). Diademed head right / Stag grazing left; BAΣIΛEΩΣ above, MIΘPAΔATOY EYΠATOPOΣ in two lines below; to left, star-in-crescent above ΓKΣ (year); two monograms to right, IB (month) in exergue; all within Dionysiac wreath of ivy and fruit. Near EF, a few light marks. Superb high relief portrait, boldly struck and beautifully centered on a broad flan. A unique example, the latest known stater from his reign.
Dardanos (AD 200-300) AE 221759 views3rd cent AD. AE22 (5.50g). AV-G DARD, turreted head of Tyche right / COLAVG - TRO, grazing horse right. Full dark-green patina, good VF. RRR!
Amastris (BC 285-250) Didrachm 1753 viewsca 285 BC. AR Didrachm (9.55g). Head of Mithras right, wearing Persian mitra adorned with laurel wreath and star below / Aphrodite seated left, wearing polos, holding sceptre and Nike, who crowns her with wreath; myrtle bud to left, ΑΜΑΣΤΡΙΕΩΝ to right. Good VF, attractively toned. Rare.
Phokaia (BC 625-575) B12 - EL 1/6 Stater1750 viewsca 625-622 BC. EL Hekte (2.55g). Head of griffin left, seal behind / Quadripartite incuse square. EF. Rare.
Phokaia (BC 477-388) B40 - EL 1/6 Stater1744 viewsca 480-450 BC. EL 1/6 Stater - Hekte (2.56g). Forepart of cock facing left; in upper right field, seal swimming left / Incuse square with rough surface. Truly exceptional image. EF.
Mostene (AD 177-192) AE 35 - Commodus1741 viewsCommodus, 177-192 AD. AE35 (22.48g). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / EΠ MCOΛIEPNO-V APC M-OCTHNΩΝ, horseman right holding bipenis over shoulder being led by Hermes standing right, head turned left, holding long caduceus and bridle; Cyprus tree in background between Hermes and horse, small lighted altar under raised leg of horse. VF, brown patina, some roughness. Apparently unpublished. A similar type is recorded for Commodus without Hermes and without the Archon's name, which is apparently not recorded.1 comments
Kolophon (BC 525-500) Hemiobol1739 viewsca late 6th cent BC. AR Persic Hemiobol (0.38g). Archaic head of Apollo left / Mill-sail incuse punch. Toned, good VF, light porosity. Fine archaic style.
Smyrna (AD 79-91) AE 21 - Julia Titi1737 viewsJulia Titi, daughter of Titus, Augusta. ca 79-91 AD. AE21 (4.55g). L. Mestrius Florus, proconsul. Struck 88/89 AD. Draped bust right / ΕΠΙ ΦΛΩΡΟY ΑΝ-OY ZΜYPΝΑΙΩΝ, Cybele seated left. Very fine.
(BC 200-169) Pharnakes III - Drachm1736 viewsPharnakes III, ca 200-169 BC. AR Drachm (4.11g, 11h). Diademed and bearded head of Pharnakes right / BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΦAPNAKOY, male figure, wearing petasos, standing facing, cradling cornucopia and kerykeion in his left arm, and holding vine branch in his right hand; star-in-crescent (Pontic royal symbol) to upper left; to lower left, deer standing right, feeding on vine; monogram to right. Good VF, toned, a hint of porosity. Well centered on a broad flan. Splendid hellenistic portrait.

The king in this issue has traditionally been labeled as Pharnakes I, but more recent literature has shown that he is actually the third Pontic king to hold that name. Pharnakes III ascended the throne after the death of his father, Mithridates III, ca 200 BC. Most of his reign was spent attempting to expand the borders of his realm, which, ca 181 BC, brought him into conflict with Eumenes II of Pergamon and Ariarathes IV of Cappadocia, who were allied with each other. Each side blamed the other for the aggression, and appealed to Rome to intervene. Hostilities were temporarily halted after the arrival of a Roman delegation, but their failure to resolve the disputes led to renewed warfare. By 179 BC, it was clear that Pharnakes could no longer withstand the combined Pergamene and Cappadocian forces. In exchange for peace, Pharnakes gave up his possessions in Galatia and Paphlagonia, except for the important trading city of Sinope. Little else is known of his reign.
Ilion (AD 180-192) AE 38 - Commodus1734 viewsCommodus, 180-192 AD. AE38 (2.89g). Ilium. AV KAI M AVPH KOMMOΔOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / ΙΛΙΕΩΝ in exergue, Ganymede, wearing Phrygian helmet, seated left on pile of rocks, giving cup to eagle who grasps it with his left claw and drinks from it; tree behind. Good VF, dark green patina with light earthen encrustation around the devices, some corrosion. From the David Simpson Collection. Ex Bank Leu Auk. 30 (4/1982), lot 395.
(BC 560-525) Kroisos - AV Stater1725 viewsTime of Kroisos to Cambyses, King Of Lydia, ca 560-525 BC. AV Stater (8.07g), light series, Sardeis mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two square incuse punches of unequal size. Good VF.
Herakleia Pontika (BC 352-345) Tridrachm1723 viewsca 352-345 BC, time of Tyrant Satyros. AR Tridrachm (11.58g). Head of Herakles left, wearing lion skin / Bust of Hera left, wearing decorative turreted stephane; ΗΡΑΚΛΕΙΑ to right. Toned, VF. Rare. Ex Jameson Coll. 1183; ex von Aulock Coll., Auktion Kricheldorf 4 (1974), lot 98.1 comments
Bithynion-Klaudiopolis (AD 81-96) AE 16 - Domitian1721 viewsDomitian, 81-96 AD. AE16 (3.01g). Radiate head right / Club. VF, rough brown surfaces. Better than the BMC specimen which is illustrated in RPC. Wagner Coll.
Mytilene (BC 377-326) EL Hekte - B1021711 viewsca 333 BC. EL Hekte (2.54g). Bearded head of male (Chares?) right / Head of young Oriental wearing Phrygian cap right, within linear square. Good VF. Very rare.
Anemurion (AD 235-238) AE 30 - Maximinus1707 viewsMaximinus I, 235-238 AD. AE30 (16.39g). Dated RY 1 (235/6 AD). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / Perseus standing left, holding harpa and gorgoneion; ET A (date) in legend. VF, green surfaces, lightly porous.
Kalchedon (BC 340-320) Siglos1704 viewsca early 4th cent. BC. AR Siglos (5.36g). Bull standing left above grain ear, ΚΑΛΧ above / Incuse square of mill-sail pattern. Toned EF.
Nysa (AD 117-138) Tetradrachm - Hadrian1702 viewsHadrian, 117-138 AD. AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm (36mm, 10.13g). HADRIANVS - AVGVSTVS P P., head right / COS - III. Hades with scepter, holding stolen Persephone, protecting from her from the wind with mantle, driving quadriga of halloping horses, basket of flowers below. Fine toning, aEF. Extremely rare, possibly unique. From the von Aulock collection and Bank Leu AG, Auktion 30 (4/1982, Zurich), lot 363.

According to Homer, the abduction of Persephone took place somewhere in the "Nysion pedion." It mattered little that Lydian Nysa was a forth century foundation; a cult of the underworld grew up there. The town had a Plutonium, and in later times a festival called the Theogamia celebrated the abduction itself." (W. E. Metcalf, a. O., p. 50).
Kyzikos (BC 460-400) EL Stater1695 viewsca 460-400 BC. EL Stater (15.97g, 12h). Warrior, nude but for crested Corinthian helmet, kneeling right, checking the straightness of his arrow, bow hung over his left wrist; tunny downward behind / Quadripartite incuse punch. VF.

This type is part of a sub-series of Kyzikene staters that depict a warrior, in this case an archer, in the various stages of preparing his equipment for battle (Von Fritze I 115-117). It is not known whether this sub-series depicts any particular hero from mythology.
Ephesos (BC 625-600) EL 1/6 Stater1690 viewsPhanes, ca 620-600 BC. EL Hekte - 1/6 Stater (2.33g). Forepart of stag kneeling right, head reverted
/ Square incuse with irregular surface. Nearly extremely fine.
Kaisareia (AD 222-235) AE 21 - Severus Alexander1689 viewsSeverus Alexander, 222-235 AD. AE21 (7.67g), dated 224 AD. Laureate head right / Agonistic urn containing three palm-branches. Golden highpoints, very fine.1 comments
Ariassos (AD 138-161) AE 26 - Antoninus Pius1688 viewsAntoninus Pius, 138-161 AD. AE26. Laureate head right / Persephone (?) seated right on throne, wearing kalathos and veil, holding pomegranate.
Germa (AD 177-192) AE 29 - Commodus1683 viewsCommodus, 177-192 AD. AE29 (17.85g, 1h). Laureate and cuirassed bust right / Zeus seated right, holding grain-ears and scepter. VF, brown patina, rough surfaces. Ex Wagner Coll.
Kyzikos (AD 98-117) AE 28 - Trajan1679 viewsTrajan, 98-117 AD. AE28 (14.35g). Laureate bust right / Altar surmounted by statue of Triptolemos(?); two serpent entwined torches flanking. VF, thick green patina, minor roughness. Perhaps unpublished. Ex Wagner Coll.
Pionia (AD 193-217) AE 21 - Julia Domna1669 viewsJulia Domna, Augusta, 193-217 AD. AE21 (5.28g, 12h). Draped bust right / Serpent coiled on small altar. Near VF, dark greenish-brown patina, light roughness.
Ionia Uncertain (BC 650-600) EL Stater1668 viewsca 650-600 BC. EL Stater (17.60g). Samian-Euboeic standard. Blank / Circular incuse with geometric whirl pattern. EF. Unpublished.

This piece is distinctive for its elaborate circular shape of its punch without any "obverse" type. At this point in the early development of coinage, it appears that no convention had yet been established that one side or the other was to bear the primary design.
Lampsakos (BC 394-330) AV Stater - Aktaion1657 viewsca 394-350 BC. AV Stater (8.45g). Head of Aktaion left, with stag's horn / Forepart of Pegasos right. Mint state.
Kasai (AD 247-249) AE 29 - Philip II1651 viewsPhilip II, 247-249 AD. AE29 (15.85g). Bare-headed bust r., wearing paludmentum and cuirass / Hades in quadriga l. led by Hermes, abducting Persephone and holding whip; below, torch and overturned kantharos. Good VF.
Ionian League (AD 139-144) AE 41 - Antoninus Pius1648 viewsLeague of Thirteen Cities. Antoninus Pius, 138-161 AD. AE41 - Medallion (52.38g, 12h). Marcus Claudius Fronto, asiarch and high priest of the Thirteen Cities. AV KAI TI AI AΔPIANOC ANTΩNЄINOC ЄV, laureate and draped bust left / KOINON IΓ ΠOΛЄΩN [ΠPO M KΛ ΦPONTΩN] ACIAPX KAI APX IΓ ΠOΛЄΩN, the Abduction of Persphone: Hades, with billowing chlamys, in quadriga driven right by Eros above, holding scepter in left hand and carrying away Persephone; fallen flower basket below horses. VF, red and dark grayish-green patina, edge crack, minor roughness. Extremely rare.
Prusias ad Hypium (AD 81-96) AE 28 - Domitian1644 viewsDomitian, 81-96 AD. AE28 (12.10g). Laureate head right / Demeter standing left, holding grain ears and sceptre; prow at her feet. VF, mottled green patina.
Tavion (AD 198-217) AE 27 - Caracalla1644 viewsCaracalla, 198-217 AD. AE27 (10.56g, 7h), dated CY 218 (193/4 AD). Laureate and cuirassed bust right / Eagle standing left on altar, head right, wreath in beak; flanked by two standards; date in exergue. VF, glossy jade green patina, a bit of roughness.
Smyrna (BC 42) AE 21 - C. Cassius Longinus1636 viewsC. Cassius Longinus, 42 BC. AR Denarius (3.82g). Military mint, probably at Smyrna. Lentulus Spinther, propraetor. Veiled and draped bust of Libertas right / Ewer and lituus. Toned VF.
Parion (AD 253-268) AE 30 - Gallienus1634 viewsGallienus, 253-268 AD. AE30 (11.41g). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind, with spear and shield / Statue on pedestal placed on two larger bases; round pedestal, entwined by serpents; column, on which Nike stands, on each side; wall behind statue and columns; CGIHP in exergue. Very fine.
Bruzos (AD 238-244) AE 25 - Gordian III1622 viewsGordian III, 238-244 AD. AE25 (7.99g). AVT K M ANT Ω ΓOPΔIANO C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / B POV ZHΩN, Hekate standing facing on globe, head right, holding two torches. VF, green patina.
Amisos (BC 85-65) AE 211619 viewsca 85-65 BC. AE21 (7.25g). Bust of Amazon right, wearing wolf's scalp / Nike walking right, holding wreath in right hand, palm over left shoulder. Good VF, glossy dark brown patina, some encrustation on bust, light smoothing on reverse.
Tion (AD 98-117) AE 25 - Trajan1619 viewsTrajan, 98-117 AD. AE25 (6.60g). Laureate bust right / Serapis standing facing left holding snake entwined staff. Ex Nemesis Ancients.
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