Asia Minor Coins - Photo Gallery

Ancient Greek and Roman coins from Asia Minor


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Pergamon (AD 1) AE - Augustus1999 viewsAugustus, 27 BC-14 AD. AE (5.69g). Pergamon mint, Magistrate Kephalion. Homonoia with Sardeis, struck circa 1 AD. Demos of Pergamon crowning Demos of Sardeis / Statue of Augustus within Temple. Green-brown patina, VF. Rare.
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Pergamon (AD 1) AE - Augustus and Gaius Caesar655 viewsAugustus and Gaius Caesar. A. Pourios Gymnasiarch, ca 1 AD. AE (5.40g). ΣΕΒ[ΑΣΤΟΙ ΚΑΙΣ]ΑΡΙ ΒΟΥΛΑΙΩΙ, laureate head right / ΦΟΥΡΙΟΣ ΙΕΡΕΥΣ ΓΥΜΝΑΣΙΑΡΧΩΝ, water vessel, ΠΕΡ-ΓΑ/ΜΗ-ΝΩΝ. Green patina, VF.
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Pergamon (AD 4-6) AE 21 - Augustus661 viewsAugustus, 27 BC-14 AD. M. Plautius Silvanus, Proconsul, 4-6 AD. ΑΕ21 (4.28g). ΣΙΛΒΑΝΟΝ − ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΟΙ, Proconsul Plautius Silvanus in toga standing facing, being crowned by soldier / ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΝ / ΔΗΜΟΦΩΝ, statue of Augustus with spear within Temple. VF.
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Pergamon (AD 14-37) AE 19 - Tiberius & Livia476 viewsTiberius & Livia, 14-37 AD. AE19 (4.96g). CЄBACTOI ЄΠI ΠЄTPΩNIOY TO, busts of Tiberius & Livia confronted / ΘЄΩN CЄACTON OI ΠЄΓAMΩN, tetrastyle temple with statue of Augustus. About very fine.
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Pergamon (AD 30) AE - Tiberius and Livia607 viewsTiberius and Livia. Petronius, Proconsul, ca 30 AD. AE (4.73g). ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΙ ΕΠΙ ΠΕΤΡΩΝΙΟΥ ΤΟC, confornitng busts of Tiberius and Livia / ΘΕΟΝ ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΝ ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΟΙ, tetrastyle temple with statue of Augustus in military dress with spear. Black patina, good VF.
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Pergamon (AD 40-60) AE 15954 viewsClaudian era, ca 40-60 AD, under Roman protection, pseudo-autonomous. AE15 (3.82g). ΘΕΑN - ΡωΜΗN, draped bust of Roma right / ΘΕΟΝ CΥΝΚΛΗΤΟΝ, draped diademed bust of Senate right. VF.
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Pergamon (AD 40-60) AE 17 767 viewsClaudian era, ca 40-60 AD, under Roman protection, pseudo-autonomous. AE17 (4.25g). ΘΕΑN - ΡωΜΗN, draped bust of Roma right / ΘΕOΝ CΥΝΚΛΗΤΟΝ, draped diademed bust of Senate right. Good VF.
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Pergamon (AD 40-60) AE 17976 viewsClaudian era, under the Romans. Anonymous 1st century AD. AE (2.36g). Laureate bust Senate right / Bust of Roma right, star to right. Very fine.
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Pergamon (AD 41-50) AE 17 - Claudius184 viewsClaudius, 41-54 AD. AE17 (4.38g). KΛΑΥΔΙΟΝ ΚΑΙCΑΡΑ CЄBACTON, bare head right / CЄBACTON [...], tetrastyle temple containing statue of Augustus. VF.
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Pergamon (AD 41-50) Tetradrachm - Claudius1409 viewsClaudius, 41-54 AD. AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm (11.53g). Pergamum mint, struck ca 41-50 AD. Bare head left / Claudius standing facing, holding globe and sceptre, crowned by female holding wreath and cornucopiae; both within distyle temple. Darkly toned, good VF.
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Pergamon (AD 50-54) AE 17 - Britannnicus & Nero721 viewsBritannnicus and Nero, as Caesars, 50-54 AD. AE17 (4.11g). ΒΡΕΤΑΝΝΙΚΟΣ ΚΑΙΣΑΡ, head Britannnicus Caesar right / ΝΕΡΩΝ ΚΑΙΣΑΡ, head Nero Caesar right Beautiful dark green patina. Very fine.
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Pergamon (AD 60-150) AE 15792 viewsQuasi-autonomous, end 1st-mid 2nd century AD. AE15 (3.1g). ΘEON CVNKΛHTOC, bust of the Senate right / ΘEAN PΩ - MHN, turreted bust of Roma right; monogram before. gVF.
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Pergamon (AD 60-150) AE 17961 viewsQuasi-autonomous, end 1st-mid 2nd century AD. AE17 (3.40g). ΘEON CVN - KΛHTON, youthful bust of Senate, draped, right / ΘEAN PΩ - MHN, bust of Roma, draped and turreted, right. Very rare, VF. Hoeft coll.
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Pergamon (AD 60-150) AE 19616 viewsQuasi-autonomous, late 1st-mid 2nd cent AD. AE19 (2.72g). ΘEON CVN - KΛHTON, draped bust of Senate right / ΘEAN - [PΩMHN], head of Roma right, wearing mural crown; monogram in right field. VF. Hoeft coll.
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Pergamon (AD 80-96) AE 18605 viewsFlavian era, 80-96 AD. AE18 - Medal of Kephalion? (3.16g). ΘΕΑ ΡωΜΗ ΕΠΙ CΤΡΑ ΚεΦΑΛΙωΝΟC, draped bust of Roma right, wearing 2-pointed crown and chignon / ΘΕΟΝ CΥΝΚΛΗΤΟΝ, draped bust of Senate right, wreath to right. VF.
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Pergamon (AD 98-117) AE 17 - Trajan512 viewsTrajan, 98-117 AD. AE17 (2.51g). Laureate head right / Z(retrograde)ΕΩC - ΦΙΛΙΟC, head of laureate Zeus Philios right. Black patina, some corrosion, good VF.
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Pergamon (AD 98-117) AE 17 - Trajan208 viewsTraian, 98-117 AD. AE17 (3.19g), Laureate and draped bust right / Tetrastyle temple with statue of emperor within. Light corrosion. VF.
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Pergamon (AD 98-117) AE 18 - Trajan294 viewsTrajan, 98-117 AD. AE18 (4.42g). Laureate head right / ΠЄPΓA MHNΩN, Tyche with cornucopiae, monogram to the left. Very fine.
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Pergamon (AD 98-117) AE 20 - Trajan213 viewsTrajan, 98-117 AD. AE20 (4.1g). Laureate head right / ΦIΛIOΣ ZEYC ΠЄPΓA, Zeus enthroned to left, holding scepter and patera. VF.
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Pergamon (AD 98-117) AE 20 – Trajan591 viewsTrajan, 98-117 AD. AE20 (3.64g, 12h). Pollion, strategus. Statue of Augustus standing facing, holding scepter, within tetrastyle temple; in pediment, capricorn right / Statue of Trajan standing facing, holding scepter, within tetrastyle temple; ΠΩΛΛIONOC in legend. Good VF, black-green patina.
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Pergamon (AD 100-200) AE 518 viewsAntoninian era, 2nd century AD, pseudo-autonomous. AE (1.96g). Bust of helmeted Athena with aegis right / ΠΕΡΓΑ-ΜΗΝΩΝ, coiled snake. Brown patina, EF.
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Pergamon (AD 100-200) AE 16183 viewsImperial Times, 2nd century AD. AE16 (2.9g). PERΓΑΜΗ, bust of Athena right / ΕΠΙ CΤΡΑ ΠΟΛΛΙΩ / O – B, Telesphoros standing facing. VF.
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Pergamon (AD 100-200) AE 17354 viewsImperial Times, ca 2nd century AD. AE17 (3.60g, 1h). ΠЄΡΓAMOC, head of Pergamos right / Serpent entwined around staff of Asklepios, bunch of grapes to left; ЄΠI CTΡA KΛ KЄΦAΛIΩNOC around. Rare. Extremely Fine.
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Pergamon (AD 117-138) AE 15 - Hadrian257 viewsHadrian, 117-138 AD. AE15 (3.14g, 12h). Laureate and cuirassed bust right / Telesphoros standing facing, wrapped in long garments. VF, dark brown surfaces.
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Pergamon (AD 117-138) AE 1783 viewsTime of Hadrian, 117-138 AD. AE17 (2.59g). ca 134 AD. ΠEPΓAMHNΩN, helmeted head of Athena to right / CTP I ΠOΛΛIΩNOC, nude male youth standing facing, his right hand raised, holding uncertain object in his left. gVF.
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Pergamon (AD 117-138) AE 17 - Hadrian258 viewsHadrian, 117-138 AD. AE17 (3.33g, 12h). Cl. Cephalion, strategos. Laureate head right, slight drapery on far shoulder / Telesphoros standing facing. VF, porous brown surfaces. Wagner coll.; Ex Münzen & Medaillen FPL 134 (5/1954), no. 235.
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Pergamon (AD 138-161) AE - Antoninus Pius607 viewsAntoninus Pius, 138-161 AD. AE (7.67g). ΑΥ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙ ΑΝΤΩΝΕΙΝΟΣ, laureate head right / ΕΠΙ ΣΤΡ ΚΥΑΡΤΟΥ ΠΕΡΓΑ / ΤΟ Β, Asklepios sitting on throne left, holding scepter in left hand, patera in right, snake at feet. Brown patina, VF. Rare.
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Pergamon (AD 139-161) AE 18 - Marcus Aurelius101 viewsMarcus Aurelius, as Caesar, 139-161 AD. AE18 (4.19g). Bare headed bust right / Athena standing, facing, head, left, holding patera and spear; beside, shield. gVF.
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Pergamon (AD 161-180) AE - Marcus Aurelius600 viewsMarcus Aurelius, 161-180 AD. AE Medal (23.34g). ΑΥ ΚΑΙ Μ ΑΥΡΗΛΙ ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝΟΣ, laureate cuirassed bust right / ΕΠΙ ΣΤΡΑΤΟ ΚΛΑΥ ΑΡΙΣΤΕΟΥ ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩ/Ν / Β ΝΕΟΚΟΡΩΝ, Zeus stting on throne left, holding Nike in right hand, scepter in left. Good dark green patina, VF-EF. Rare.
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Pergamon (AD 161-180) AE 33 - Marcus Aurelius515 viewsMarcus Aurelius, 161-180 AD. AE33 (16.96g). ΑΥ ΚΑΙ Μ ΑΥΡ[ΗΛΙΟΣ ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝ]ΟΣ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / [ΕΠΙ ΣΤΡΑΤΚ]ΑΙΣΤΕΑ ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ / [ΒΝΕ]ΟΚΩΡΟ[Ν], Marcus Aurelius in military uniform galloping to right spearing Barbarian below horse in lower field to right, B. Very rare. Green patina. Very fine.
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Pergamon (AD 161-180) AE 34 - Marcus Aurelius497 viewsMarcus Aurelius, 161-180 AD. AE34 (26.48g, 1h). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Athena Nikephoros seated left, holding scepter; round shield to lower right. VF, green patina, minor roughness.
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Pergamon (AD 161-180) AE Medallion - Marcus Aurelius670 viewsMarcus Aurelius, 161-180 AD. AE Medallion (35.58g, 41mm). A. Tullius Cratippus, strategus. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Helios in quadriga galloping left. Good VF, green patina, repaired small pits in obverse field, minor smoothing in reverse fields, minor enhancement to portrait. Rare. Ex Drewry Coll. (CNG 69, 6/2005), lot 984.
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Pergamon (AD 166-177) AE 33 - Commodus2006 viewsCommodus, as Caesar, 166-177 AD. AE33 (20.72g). Claudius Nikomedes, magistrate. M AVP KAI CAP KOMODO/C, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / ΕΠΙ CΤΠΑ Κ ΝΙΚΟ ΜΗΔΟΥC Β ΝΕΟΚΟΡΩΝ ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ, Hygieia with serpent and patera and Asclepius with serpent staff standing facing each other, small Telesphorus between them. EF, dark green patina, fields smoothed. The work of a master engraver at Pergamum, whose signature seems to be the dropped C in the obverse legend. See Kraft pl. 87-89 for other dies by this artist.
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Pergamon (AD 166-177) AE 33 - Commodus255 viewsCommodus, as Caesar. 166-177 AD. AE33 (19.75g). Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right / Athena std. left, holding Nike, resting elbow on shield set on ground behind her; spear at side.
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Pergamon (AD 177-192) AE 15140 viewsTime of Commodus, 177-192 AD. AE15 (2.86g). Head of Athena right / youth holding uncertain object. Rare. Dark green patina, VF. Franke coll.
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Pergamon (AD 177-192) AE 29 - Commodus322 viewsCommodus, 177-192 AD. AE29 (11.39g, 12h). Diodorus, strategus. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Hygieia, holding serpent and patera, standing right, vis-à-vis Aesculapius, leaning on serpent-entwined staff, standing left. VF, green patina. From Group CEM.
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Pergamon (AD 177-192) AE 41 - Commodus218 viewsCommodus, 177-192 AD. AE41 - Medallion (37.37g, 6h). Homonoia with Ephesus. P. Ael. Pius, strategos. [AY K]AI M AV-PH KOMOΔOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / ΕΠI CT[P]-A ΠIOV [KOI]NΩ[N]/ ΠΕPΓAMHNΩ/N EΦECΙΩN, Asclepius, holding cult idol of Artemis Ephesia and serpent-entwined staff, seated in biga drawn by two centaurs. Fine, earthen black patina, some smoothing. Extremely rare and possibly unrecorded with this later bust type.
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Pergamon (AD 177-192) AE 42 - Commodus621 viewsCommodus, 177-192 AD. AE42 - Medallion (61.25g, 6h). Homonoia with Ephesus. P. Aelius Pius, strategus. Laureate and draped bust right / Pergamus, holding statue of Asclepius and scepter, standing right, vis-à-vis Androclus, holding statue of Artemis Ephesia and scepter, standing left; lighted and garlanded altar between. Good VF, blue-black and red patina, light smoothing in fields.
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Pergamon (AD 177-192) AE 42 - Commodus415 viewsCommodus, 177-192 AD. AE42 - Medallion (39.13g, 6h). Homonoia with Ephesus. P. Aelius Pius, strategus. Laureate and draped bust right / Pergamus, holding statue of Aesculapius and scepter, standing right, vis-à-vis Androclus, holding statue of Artemis Ephesia and scepter, standing left; lighted and garlanded altar between. Good VF, brown-green patina, some smoothing in fields. From Group CEM.
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Pergamon (AD 180-192) AE 34 - Commodus524 viewsCommodus, 180-192 AD, Homonoia with Ephesos. AE34 - Medal of Paepius (20.48g). Draped cuirassed bust right; countermarks: wreath (Howgego 480), head of Caracalla (howgego 70) and ? / ΚΟΙΝΟΝ ΠΕΡ - ΓΑΜ - ΗΝΩΝ - ΚΑΙ ΕΦΕC - ΕΠΙ CΤΡ ΠΑΙ/ΠΙΟΥ, Asklepios in Himation standing facing, head to right, holding snake-staff in right hand, omphalos at feet and cult statue of Artemis Ephesia standing facing, hands outstretched. Brown patina, F.
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Pergamon (AD 180-192) AE 45 - Commodus523 viewsCommodus, 180-192 AD, Homonoia with Ephesos. AE45 - Medal of Paepius (41.59g). Draped cuirassed bust right / ΕΠΙ CΤΡ ΠΑΙ - ΠΙΟΥ - ΚΟΙΝΟΝ ΟΜΟΝΟΙΑ - ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ / ΚΑΙ ΕΦΕCΙΩ, cult statue of Artemis Aphesia standing facing and Asklepios in Himation standing facing, head to left, holding snake-staff in right hand. Dark, olive-green patina, VF. Extremely rare, only 2 prior known exemplars. Ex Schweizerische Kreditanstalt, Lagerliste 48 (Zurich, 1986), lot 82.
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Pergamon (AD 193-211) AE 19 - Septimus Severus434 viewsSeptimus Severus, 193-211 AD. AE19 (3.90g). Laureate head right / ΠΕΡΓΑ − ΜΗΝΩΝ Β, Asklepios in Himation standing facing, head to left, holding snake-staff in right hand. Dark grey-green patina, small pit, VF.
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Pergamon (AD 193-211) AE 43 - Septimius Severus & Julia Domna620 viewsSeptimius Severus and Julia Domna. AE43 - Medallion (52.68g), Magistrate Klaudianos Terpandros. Busts of Septimius Severus; laureate and draped and Julia Domna, draped, facing each other; in between oblong countermark, laureate bust of Caracalla right / Statue of emperor on base with patera and scepter; below, Victimarius killing sacrificial bull. Very rare. Brown patina, very fine.
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Pergamon (AD 193-211) AE 44 - Septimius Severus & Julia Domna635 viewsSeptimius Severus, with Julia Domna, 193-211 AD. AE44 - Medallion (43.73g, 6h). Claudianus Terpander, strategus. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Severus right, seen form behind, and draped bust of Julia left, vis-à-vis; c/m: laureate head of Caracalla right within in incuse oval / Herakles standing right, wrestling the Cerynean Hind; KΛ-AVΔIANOV TEPΠA/NDPOV in legend. VF, blue-black patina, cut on obverse.

As the cut goes through the portrait of Caracalla, this mark is quite probably an example of damnatio memoriae.
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Pergamon (AD 193-211) AE 44 - Septimius Severus & Julia Domna949 viewsSeptimius Severus and Julia Domna, 193-211 AD. AE44 - Medallion (44.16g). AVT KAI Λ CEΠ CEOVHPOC ΠEP around, IOV ΔOMNA CEBACTH below, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust of Septimius Severus facing draped bust of Julia Domna, laureate head of Caracalla in small round countermark between them / EΠI CTPA KΛAVΔIANOV TEPΠANΔP-OV around, ΠEPΓAMHNΩN / B NEOKOPΩN in exergue, Ariadne, sleeping in cave, is discovered by attendants of Dionysus; she reclines left, head facing, drapery around legs and behind back, right arm resting on head, left arm at side; she is surrounded by a row of rocks, apparently indicating a cave; above, the upper bodies of a Maenad holding thyrsus and wreath and a satyr extending left hand and holding pedum in right. Black Patina. Rare and a charming mythological representation. About extremely fine.

Ariadne, daughter of King Minos of Crete, fell in love with Theseus and gave him the thread which guided him out of the Labyrinth after he killed the Minotaur. She then fled with Theseus, but he left her on Naxos, where Dionysus came upon her sleeping and married her.
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Pergamon (AD 198-212) AE 43 - Caracalla623 viewsCaracalla, 198-212 AD. AE43 - Medaillon (43.10g). ΑΥΤΚΡΑ Κ ΜΑΡΚΟΣ ΑΥΡ ΑΝΤΩΝΕΙΝΟΣ, laureate bust with gorgoneion on cuirass / ΕΠΙ ΣΤ-Ρ ΙΟΥ-Λ ΑΝΘΙ-ΜΟΥ ΠΕΡΓΑ/ΜΗΝΩΝ ΠΡΩΤΩΝ ΤΡΙΣ ΝΕΟΚΟΡΩ/Ν, Zeus Nikephoros enthroned to left holding scepter and Nike which is crowning emperor in military uniform to the left. Extremely rare. Dark green patina. Extremely fine.
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Pergamon (AD 198-217) AE 33 - Caracalla266 viewsCaracalla and (erased) Geta, 198-217 AD. AE33 (16.71g). ΑΥΤΟ ΚΑΙ Μ ΑΥΡΗ [...], confronted laureate and draped busts of Caracalla and Geta [the bust of Geta erased]; countermark: wreath / [ЄΠΙ CΤΡΑ] ΚΛΑΥΔΙΑΝΟΥ ΤЄΡΠ[ΑΝΔΡΟΥ ΠЄΡΓΑ]ΜΗΝΩ[Ν Β ΝЄΟΚΟΡΩΝ], Nike with wreath and Tyche. Green patina, VF.
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Pergamon (AD 198-217) AE 37 - Caracalla290 viewsCaracalla, 198-217 AD. AE37 - Medallion (31.71g, 6h). Fl(avius) Zenokratous, strategos. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Emperor on horseback right, raising hand in salute; to right, captive seated left before trophy. Near VF, brown patina, smoothed in areas. Rare.
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Pergamon (AD 198-217) AE 38 - Caracalla453 viewsCaracalla. AD 198-217. AE38/ Medallion (37.88g). Laureate and cuirassed bust right with Aegis holding spear over shoulder / Hermes standing left with money bag and kerykeion; flanked by goat; before, Rhyndakos reclining under tree. Very rare. Brown patina. Almost very fine.
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Pergamon (AD 198-217) AE 42 - Caracalla575 viewsCaracalla, 198-217 AD. AE42 Medallion (46.65g). AUT KAI M AUR CEOUHR - ANTWNEINOC, laureate and cuirassed bust right, (below Gorgoneion); counterstamp: wreath / EPI C - TR - M KAIREL AT - TA - L - O - U - PERGAMHNWN - PRWTWN G NE - WKORWN, three tempels in name of Augustus, Caracalla und Trajan; inside the middle: Asklepios with staff and scepter sitting left. Dark green-brown patina, VF/aEF. Very rare.
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Pergamon (AD 198-217) AE 42 - Caracalla296 viewsCaracalla, 198-217 AD. AE42 - Medallion (37.96g, 6h). Julius Anthimus, strategos. Struck circa 214 AD. AVT • KPAT • K • MA-PKOC • AVP • ANTΩNЄINOC, laureate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery / ЄΠI CTP IOV-Λ ANΘIMOV ΠЄPΓAMHNΩN/ ΠPΩTΩN TRIC/ NЄΩKOPΩ/N, Caracalla, holding spear in left hand, advancing right on horseback; to left, Victory walking right, holding palm frond in left hand and crowning emperor with wreath held in right; to right, trophy and two bound captives, one seated and the other standing. EF, brown patina, minor adjustment marks. Rare and in exceptional condition for issue. Ex Numismatica Genevensis SA V (12/2008), lot 270.

This medallion is part of a highly interesting series that has long fascinated numismatists. Taken as a whole, the group chronicles the major events of Caracalla’s visit to Pergamum en route to an eastern military expedition in AD 214. While this was only one stop on a trip that included imperial visits to the major cities and religious sites of Asia Minor, Pergamum’s sanctuary of Asclepius (the Asclepion) was of particular appeal to Caracalla, whose health declined precipitously in the latter years of his reign.
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Pergamon (AD 198-217) AE 43 - Caracalla479 viewsCaracalla, 198-217 AD. AE43 - Medal of M. Cerelius Attalus (40.78g). Laureate cuirassed bust of Caracalla right, gorgoneion on breast / [ΕΠΙ CΤΡΑ Μ ΚΑΙΡΕΛ ΑΤΤΑΛΟΥ] / ΠEΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ / ΠΡΩΤΩΝ Γ / ΝΕΩΚΟΡΩΝ, Caesar in toga standing right, holding scroll in left hand, patera in right, sacraficial animal with axe, perspective of temple of Zeus, in which sits statue of the god. Dark olive-green patina, F/aF. Rare.
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Pergamon (AD 198-217) AE 43 - Caracalla528 viewsCaracalla, 198-217 AD. AE43 - Medal of M. Cerelius Attalus (40.78g). Laureate cuirassed bust of Caracalla right, gorgoneion on breast; counterstamp: wreath / [ΕΠΙ CΤΡΑ Μ ΚΑΙΡΕΛ ΑΤΤΑΛΟΥ] / ΠEΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ / ΠΡΩΤΩΝ Γ / ΝΕΩΚΟΡΩΝ, Caesar in military dress on horse right, head to left, servant following behind; statue of ASklepios in Himation stadning on high round platform to right. Dark green patina, VF. Rare.
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Pergamon (AD 198-217) AE 43 - Caracalla952 viewsCaracalla, 198-217 AD. AE43 - Medallion (43.91g). M. Caerelius Attalos, magistrate. AVT KPAT K MAPKOC AVP ANTWNEINOC, laureate and cuirassed (with gorgoneion) bust right / ΕΠΙ CΤΡ Μ ΚΑΙΡΕΛ ΑΤΤΑΛΟΥ ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ ΠΡΩΤΩΝ Γ ΝΕΩΚΟΡΩΝ, adventus of the emperor into Pergamum: Caracalla on horseback right, receiving acclamation, soldier walking behind, statue of Asclepius on garlanded column before. VF, dark green patina with red highlights, fields smoothed.

In the fall of 214 AD, Caracalla visited the shrine of Asclepius at Pergamum to seek the god's help in curing his various diseases that he had succumbed to while in Germany (probably physiological more so than psychological). Caracalla must have received some respite from his illnesses as he then ordered the reconstruction of the temple of Asclepius as well as the temples of Roma, the deified Augustus, Zeus Philus and the deified Trajan. Of course, these acts would have endeared Caracalla to the Pergamenes who then struck a special series of medallions commemorating this historic visit.
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Pergamon (AD 198-217) AE 43 - Caracalla333 viewsCaracalla, 198-217 AD. AE43 - Medallion (49.03g, 6h). M. Caerelius Attalus, strategus. Struck 214-215 AD. [AVT KPAT] K MAPKOC AVP ANTΩNЄINOC, laureate and cuirassed bust right; gorgoneion on breastplate / Caracalla standing left, holding scepter and raising hand to serpent entwined about tree; small figure of Telesphorus on low basis between; ЄΠI CTPA M [KAIPЄΛ ATTALOV] in legend. VF, brown patina, smoothed.
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Pergamon (AD 198-217) AE 43 - Caracalla 225 viewsCaracalla, 198-217 AD. AE43 - Medallion (40.23g, 6h). Marcus Caerelius Attalus, strategus. Laureate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery; gorgoneion on breastplate; countermark: wreath with pellet in center, all within incuse / Є ΠI C TP • M • KAIPЄΛ ATTAΛOV, Π-Є-P ΓA/MH/NΩ(N) across field, ΠPΩTΩN • Γ • N[Є]/ΩKOPΩN in two lines in exergue, the imperial entrance (adventus) into the city of Pergamum: emperor, wearing military attire, on horseback right, turning to left and raising right arm, being trailed by attendant; to right, cippus surmounted by statue of Asclepius. VF, dark green patina, traces of smoothing.
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Pergamon (AD 198-217) AE 44 - Caracalla308 viewsCaracalla, 198-217 AD. AE44 - Medallion (40.35g, 6h). M. Caerelius Attalus, strategus. Struck 214/5 AD. Laureate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on shoulder; cuirass decorated with aegis; countermark: pellet within wreath; all in incuse / Caracalla standing left, holding scepter, raising hand toward Aesculapius standing facing, leaning on serpent-entwined staff; a small figure of Telesphoros on basis between. VF, green patina, traces of earthen overtones. Rare. From Group CEM. Ex Sternberg XI (11/1981), lot 270.

Caracalla visited the temple of Pergamene Aesculapius as he moved east to confront the Parthians in AD 214/5. There, he participated in its rites, which included sleeping within the temple precinct and having the dreams incurred thereby interpreted. To commemorate this event, a number of huge medallic bronzes, including this coin, were issued.
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Pergamon (AD 198-217) AE 44 - Caracalla274 viewsCaracalla, 198-217 AD. AE44 - Medallion (50.67g, 6h). Julius Anthimus, strategus. Struck 215-217 AD. Laureate and cuirassed bust right; cuirass decorated with aegis / Caracalla on horseback right, preparing to spear lion below, crouching left. VF, dark green patina, minor smoothing and traces of details enhanced. Very rare.
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Pergamon (AD 198-217) AE 45 - Caracalla563 viewsCaracalla, 198-217 AD. AE45 - Medallion (47.49g, 45mm, 6h). M. Caerelius Attalus, strategus. Struck 214-215 AD. ΑVΤ[Ο] ΚPΑΤ Κ [ΜΑP]ΚΟC ΑVP ΑΝΤ[Ω]Ν[ΕΙΝΟC], laureate and cuirassed bust right, cuirass decorated with aegis; c/m: pellet within wreath; all in incuse / ΕΠΙ CΤPΑ Μ [ΚΑΙΠΕ]Λ ΑΤΤΑΛΟC ΠΕPΓΑΜ[ΗΝΩΝ] ΠΡΟ ΤΩΝ Γ [ΝΕΟΚΟP]ΩΝ, Caracalla standing left, holding sceptre in left hand, raising right hand toward serpent coiled around tree; a small figure of Telesphoros on basis between. Fine, dark brown patina with a few earthen patches. Drewry Coll.

Caracalla visited the temple of Pergamene Asclepius as he moved east to confront the Parthians in 214-215 AD. There, he participated in its rites, which included sleeping within the temple precinct and having the dreams incurred thereby interpreted. To commemorate this event, a number of huge medallic bronzes, including this coin, were issued.
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Pergamon (AD 198-217) AE 47 - Caracalla476 viewsCaracalla, 198-217 AD. AE47/36 - Medallion (39.84g). ΑΥΤΚΡΑΤ ΚΗ ΑΡ ΚΟC ΑΥΡ ΑΝΤΟΝЄΙΝΟC, laureate, cuirassed bust of Caracalla right / ЄΠΙ CΤΡ Μ ΚΑΙΡЄΛ ΑΤΤΑΛΟΥ ΠЄΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ ΠΡΩΤΩΝ Γ ΝЄΩΚΟΡΩΝ, Caracalla right, sacrificing in front of temple. Hammered edges to left and right, flattened above, obverse countermark, otherwise very fine for detail.
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Pergamon (AD 209-211) AE 39 - Geta186 viewsGeta, 209-211 AD. AE39 - Medallion (50.24g, 6h). Menogenes, strategos. AVTOKPA KAI ΠΟΠΛΙ CЄΠTI • ΓЄTAC •, laureate and cuirassed bust right, with gorgoneion on breastplate / ЄΠI CTP M-HNOΓ-ЄNOV B NЄOV ΠЄP/ΓAMHNΩN/ B NЄOKOPΩ/N, Zeus Nicephorus seated left within tetrastyle temple with shield in pediment. Near VF, dark gray-brown surfaces, smoothing, adjustment marks on reverse, ancient edge holes at 3 and 9 o’clock for insertion into swivel mount.
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Pergamon (AD 209-211) AE 42 - Geta234 viewsGeta, 209-212 AD. AE42 (48.56g). ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑ Κ ΠΟΠΛΙΟC CЄΠΤΙ ΓЄΤΑC, laureate and cuirassed bust right / ЄΠΙ CΤΡ ΜΗΝΟΓЄΝΟΥC Β ΝЄΟΥ / ΠЄΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ / Β ΝЄΟΚΟ/ΡΩΝ, Thalassa standing left with rudder and Ge standing right with cornucopiae both holding infant Zeus over eagle. Zeus (resembling Geta according to v. Fritze) holding thunderbolt and scepter. Very Rare. Dark green patina, GVF.
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Pergamon (AD 209-211) AE 44 - Geta341 viewsGeta, 209-211 AD. AE44 - Medallion (52.42g, 6h). Menogenes, strategus. Struck 209-211 AD. • AVTOKPA • KAI • ΠOΠΛIOC CЄΠTI ΓЄTAC •, laureate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on shoulder; cuirass decorated with aegis / Geta right on horseback, preparing to hurl javelin at bound captive below horse’s raised front hooves; captive running right with head reverted; round shield below horse. Near EF, dark green patina patina with earthen overtones in devices, some smoothing. Very rare. From Group CEM. Ex Tkalec (2/2001), lot 320.
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Pergamon (AD 218-222) AE 24 - Elagabalus403 viewsElagabalus, 218-222 AD. AE24 (24.57g). ΑΥΤ Κ Μ ΑΥΡ ΑΝΤΩΝЄΙΝΟC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / ЄΠΙ CΤΡ ΤΙΒ ΚΛΑ ΑΛЄΧΑΝΔΡΟΥ ΠЄΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ / ΠΡΩΤΩΝ Γ ΝЄΟΚΟΡΩΝ, emperor sacrificing over altar. Very rare. Dark green patina, very fine.
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Pergamon (AD 218-222) AE 41 - Elagabalus538 viewsElagabalus, 218-222 AD. AE41 (43.66g). ΑΥ [...]ΑΙ Μ ΑΥΡ ΑΝΤΩΝΕΙ [...], laureate and cuirassed bust right / around, ΕΠΙ ΣΤΡ ΤΙΒ ΚΛΑ ΑΛΕΧΑΝΔΡΟΥ ΟΣΟΛΟ, within wreath, ΠΕΡΓΑ / ΜΗΝΩΝ / ΠΡΩΤΩΝ / ΤΡΙΣ ΝΕΟ/ΚΟΡΩΝ. Very fine. Dark green patina. Very fine.
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Pergamon (AD 218-222) AE 42 - Elagabalus434 viewsElagabalus, 218-222 AD. AE42 - Medallion (36.00g, 6h). Ti. Claudius Alexander, theologos and strategus. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; countermark: animal suckling infant in incuse circle / Hercules advancing right, holding raised club and lion skin, fighting Amazon (Hippolyte) standing right; name in legend. VF, red and brown patina, rough. Extremely rare.
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Pergamon (AD 218-222) AE 43 - Elagabalus389 viewsElagabal, 218-222 AD. AE43 (44.74g). ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ Μ ΑΥ-Ρ ΑΝΤΩΝЄΙΝΟC, cuirassed and laureate bust right / ЄΠΙ CΤΡ ΤΙΒ ΚΛ ΑΛЄΧΑΝΔΡΟΥ ΙΒЄΟΔΟ ΠЄ-Ρ/Γ-ΑΜΗ-ΩΝ / ΠΡΩΤΩΝ Γ ΝЄΟΚΟΡΩΝ, table with two price crowns next to a wreath inscribed, OΛY/MΠI/A. Very rare. Nice dark green patina, VF.
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Pergamon (AD 235-238) AE 41 - Maximinus I & Maximus168 viewsMaximinus I and Maximus, 235-238. AE41 (41,68g). Erased portraits of Maximinus I and Maximus / Homonoia and Tyche standing, altar in between; above, race-torch (?). Black patina, VF. Franke coll.
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Pergamon (AD 235-238) AE 42 - Maximinus I274 viewsMaximinus I Thrax, 235-238 AD. AE42 - Medallion (43.95g). Strategos Aur. Neilos. AYTOKP•K•Γ•IOYΛ•BHPOC •MAΞIMЄINOC•, laureate, cuirassed bust right, seen from front, fold of cloak on front shoulder, Medusa head on breast of cuirass / ЄΠI CTP•AYP• on left, NЄI/ΛOY in two lines at top, ΠЄPΓAMH•/NΩN• in two lines at right, ΠPΩTΩN•ΓNЄ/•ΩK•PΩN Asklepios standing front holding serpent-wreathed rod, beside Zeus seated left holding patera and scepter; in upper middle field, urn containing palm branch. VF.

This medallion escaped the fate of many of Maximinus' surviving coins and medallions from Pergamum, which had their obverses scraped flat, presumably as damnatio memoriae after the emperor's death. So for example SNG Paris 2264 and 2272-3, the first of which has the variant of our reverse type lacking the urn with palm, from the same reverse die as the intact Paris 2263.
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Pergamon (AD 238-244) AE 42 - Gordian III485 viewsGordian III, 238-244 AD. AE42 - Medallion (44.02g, 12h). Homonoia with Nicomedia. Julius Logismos, strategos. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Asklepios standing right, leaning on serpent-entwined staff, facing Demeter, standing left, holding poppy and torch on deck of quinquereme right with gubernator at stern. Near VF, brown surfaces, porous. Rare. Ex Zaar Maritime Coll.
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Pergamon (AD 238-244) AE 43 – Gordian III337 viewsGordian III, 238-244 AD. AE43 (44.19g). Homonoia with Nikomedeia. ΑΥΤ Κ Μ ΑΝΤ ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / ЄΠΙ C ΙΟΥΛ ΛΟΓΙC/ΜΟΥ ΠЄΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ ΚΑΙ ΝЄΙΚΟΜΗΔЄΩΝ ΟΜΟΝ/ΟΙΑ, Asklepios and Demeter, holding long torch, poppy flower and prow of ship at her feet. Very rare. Somewhat rough, olive green patina, some scratches on obverse, otherwise almost EF. Ex Nomos 2 (2010), 208.
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Pergamon (AD 238-244) AE 43 – Gordian III155 viewsGordian III, 238-244 AD. AE43 - Medallion (35.50g, 12h). Homonoia with Nikomedeia. C. Julius Logismus, magistrate. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Asclepius, leaning on serpent-entwined staff, and Demeter, holding patera and torch, standing on galley. Near VF, dark brown and green patina. Rare. Levante Coll.; deaccessioned from the Départment des Monnaies, Médailles et Antiques, Bibliothèque Nationale de France.
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Pergamon (AD 253-260) AE - Valerian I514 viewsValerian I, 253-260 AD. AE Medallion (39.76g). Strategos Aurelius Damas. Laureate and draped bust right/ table with wreath and price urns; below, two money bags; in between IA. Rare. Brown patina. Very fine.

Aurelius Damas was not only Strategos, but also Asiarch. The reverse shows that in Pergamon, as in 37 other mints, there were Olympic or Isolympic games organized by the city, that were related by regulations and prices to win to the Olympic games.
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Pergamon (AD 253-260) AE 17 - Valerian II350 viewsValerian II, 253-260 AD. AE17 (3.01g). Bare head right / ΠЄPΓAMHNΩN, Cista mystica with snake. VF.
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Pergamon (AD 253-268) AE 21 - Gallienus115 viewsGallienus, 253-268 AD. AE21 (4.71g). AV K Π ΛIK ΓAΛΛΙΗΝOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ ΠΡΩT Γ ΝΕΩΚ, Homonoia standing facing, head left, holding phiale and cornucopia. Ex Vogl coll.; Ex Münzhandlung Beckenbauer (1983). VF.
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Pergamon (AD 253-268) AE 34 - Gallienus288 viewsGallienus, 253-268 AD. AE34 (19.76g, 6h). Homonoia with Ephesus. Sex. Claudius Silianus, asiarch. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Statues of Aesculapius, leaning on serpent-entwined staff with left hand, and Artemis Ephesia, standing facing. Good VF, blue-green patina. From Group CEM. Ex Leu 30 (4/1982), lot 446.
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Pergamon (AD 253-268) AE 34 - Gallienus152 viewsGallienus, 253-268 AD. AE34 (17.65g). AVT K Π ΛIK ΓΑΛΛΙΗΝΟC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / ЄΠI C AVP ΔAMA ACIAPX / ΠЄPΓAMЄNΩΝ / ΠΡΩΤΩΝ Γ ΝЄΩΚΟΡΩΝ, naked, male figure standing right, presenting head of ram to Hermes standing left; in between, altar. aVF.
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Pergamon (AD 253-268) AE 36 - Gallienus245 viewsGallienus, 253-268 AD. AE36 (18.75g, 6h). Sextus Claudius Silianus, Asiarch. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Pergamus standing facing, head right, receiving ram's head from Hermes(?); open capsa (scroll case) on ground between. VF, black patina, even roughness. Rare type.
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Pergamon (AD 253-268) AE 37 - Gallienus455 viewsGallienus, 253-268 AD. AE37 (26.04g, 6h). Homonoia with Ephesus. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Askelpius and Artemis Ephesia standing facing. Near VF, dark green patina, edge a bit irregular.
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Pergamon (AD 254-268) AE 28 - Salonina389 viewsSalonina, 254-268 AD. AE28 (9.44g). KOP CAΛΩNЄINA CЄ, bust right / ЄΠI C AVP ΔAMA ACIAP ΠЄPΓAMHN[...]ΩN ΠPΩT Γ NЄΩK, Hygieaia feeding snake. Red brown patina. Minor roughness. gVF.
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Pergamon (AD 255-259) AE 21 - Salonius444 viewsSalonius, Caesar under Valerian I and Gallienus, 255-259 AD. AE21 (5.73g). Draped cuirassed bust right / ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝ - ΩΝ. Γ. ΝΕΩ/ΚΟ - ΡΩΝ, Homonoia in long dress standing facing, head in kalathos to left, holding cornucopiae in left hand, patera in right. Dark green patina, EF. Rare.
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Pergamon (BC 10-2) AE 18 - Livia & Julia 598 viewsAugustus for Livia and Julia. AE18 (3.41g). Charinos Grammateus, ca 10-2 BC. ΛIBIAN H[PAN XAPI]NOΣ, bust of Livia / [IOY]ΛIAN AΦPOΔITHN, bust of Julia. Rare. Very fine.
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Pergamon (BC 19-18) Cystophorus - Augustus1023 viewsAugustus, 27 BC-14 AD. Pergamum mint, struck ca 19-18 BC. AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm (12.04g, 26mm). IMP IX TR - POV, Bare head right / S-P-R / SIGNIS / RECEPTIS in the opening of triumphal arch surmounted by charioteer in quadriga and inscribed IMP IX TR POT V. on each side-wall, aquila. Rare. Struck on a very broad flan and with an excellent portrait. EF.
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Pergamon (BC 19-18) Tetradrachm - Augustus704 viewsAugustus, 27 BC-14 AD. AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm (12.15g). Pergamum mint. Struck circa 19-18 BC. IMP IX TR PO IV, Bare head right / Hexastyle temple set on four-tiered base; COM-ASIAE, ROM ET AVGVST across entablature. EF.
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Pergamon (BC 19-18) Tetradrachm - Augustus636 viewsAugustus, 27 BC-14 AD. AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm (11.57g). Pergamum mint. Struck circa 19-18 BC. IMP IX TR PO IV, Bare head right / Tetrastyle temple set on five-tiered base; MART-VLTO. Good VF.
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Pergamon (BC 15-AD 19) AE 17 - Germanicus & Drusus420 viewsGermanicus & Drusus, Caesars, 15 BC-AD 19, and 19-23 AD, respectively. AE17 (3.47g, 12h). Bare head of Germanicus right / Bare head of Drusus right. VF, dark green patina under a layer of earthen deposits, faint cleaning scratches on reverse. A quality example of this scarce type. From Group CEM.
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Pergamon (BC 19-18) Aureus - Augustus8848 viewsAugustus, 27 BC-14 AD. AV Aureus (8.03g). Pergamum mint, struck 19-18 BC. AVGVSTVS, bare head right / Sphinx, with wings raised, seated left. Very rare and unusually well-preserved for this issue. Minor marks on obverse and a light scratch on reverse, otherwise EF. Ex CNG 36 (1995), lot 2343.
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Pergamon (BC 19-18) Tetradrachm - Augustus1276 viewsAugustus, 27 BC-14 AD. AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm (11.91g). Pergamum mint. Struck circa 19-18 BC. Bare head right / Hexastyle temple set on four-tiered base; ROM ET AVGVST across entablature. EF.
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Pergamon (BC 19/18) Tetradrachm - Augustus792 viewsAugustus, 27 BC-14 AD. AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm (11.63g). Pergamum mint. Struck circa 19-18 BC. Bare head right / Hexastyle temple set on four-tiered base; ROM ET AVGVST across entablature. VF, toned, light scratches on obverse.
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Pergamon (BC 25) Sestertius - Augustus1142 viewsAugustus, 27 BC-14 AD. Pergamum mint, struck ca 25 BC. AE30 - Sestertius (24.11g). AVGVSTVS, bare head R / CA within laurel wreath. Untouched light green patina, EF.
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Pergamon (BC 25) Sestertius - Augustus1051 viewsAugustus, 27 BC-14 AD. Pergamum mint, struck ca 25 BC. AE34 - Sestertius (25.42g). AVGVSTVS, bare head right / CA within laurel wreath. Struck on an exceptionally large flan and with a very attractive portrait. Brown tone and minor areas of weakness, otherewise EF.
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Pergamon (BC 27) Denarius - Augustus997 viewsAugustus. 27 BC-14 AD. AR Denarius (3.80g). Pergamum mint, struck 27 BC. Bare head right / Bull standing right. Good VF, some small scratches on obverse. Rare without flan crack. From the Tony Hardy Collection.
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Pergamon (BC 27-26) Tetradrachm - Augustus1204 viewsAugustus, 27 BC-14 AD. AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm (11.96g). Pergamum mint? Struck circa 27-26 BC. IMP CAESAR, Bare head right / Six corn-ears, AVGV-STVS. EF.
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Pergamon (BC 27-26) Tetradrachm - Augustus945 viewsAugustus, 27 BC-14 AD. AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm (11.66g), Pergamum mint, struck ca 27-26 BC. Bare head right; lituus at base of head / Capricorn right, head to left, bearing cornucopiae; all within laurel wreath. VF, toned, light scratches in obverse field. Rare.
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Pergamon (BC 27-AD 14) AE 18 - Augustus564 viewsAugustus, 27 BC-14 AD. AE18 (4.14g), struck during time of Trajan, 98-117 AD. AVTOKPATOPA CEBACTON KAICAPA, laureate head right / CEBACTON ΠEPΓAMHNOI, temple with four columns enclosing statue of Augustus. GVF.
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Pergamon (BC 27-AD 14) AE 19 - Augustus566 viewsAugustus, 27 BC-14 AD. AE19 (3.48g, 12h). A. Furius, gymnasiarch, struck ca 1 BC. Bare head right / Armenian standing facing, holding arrow and spear. VF, green patina with earthen overtones, minor roughness. Ex Wagner Coll.
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Pergamon (BC 27-AD 14) AE 21 - Augustus561 viewsAugustus, 27 BC-14 AD. AE 21. Laureate head right / Temple with six columns. aVF.
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Pergamon (BC 49/48) Cistophoric Tetradrachm943 viewsQ. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio, as Imperator, ca 49/48 BC. AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm (26mm, 12.30g). Cista mystica with serpent; all within ivy wreath / Q. METELLVS PIVS SCIPIO IMPER, serpents entwined around legionary aquila; monogram left. VF, lightly toned. Rare.
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Pergamon (BC 49/48) Tetradrachm720 viewsQ. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio, Imperator, 49/8 BC. AR Tetradrachm (12.27g, 12h). Cistophoric standard. Cista mystica within ivy wreath / Two serpents entwined around legionary aquila; monogram to left. VF, struck from worn obverse die.
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Pergamon (BC 49/48) Tetradrachm778 viewsQ. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio. Imperator, 49/8 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Two serpents entwined around legionary aquila; monogram to left. VF, toned, minor porosity.
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